Do you know?

(Submitted by Adithya Sreenivasan) 1. Nuremberg and Augsburg are cities in which southern German state that contains Germany's highest peak, the Zugspitze? 2. The Dee River, in Scotland, flows into which sea near Aberdeen? 3. In 1949, the Asiatic Ainu peoples were expelled from Sakhalin and relocated to Hokkaido. What strait separates these two islands? 4. The highest peak in Northern Ireland is Slieve Donard, which rises in what mountain range? 5. Which Eastern European capital city is called the "Queen of the Danube?" 6. The Oswego River in New York state is formed by the confluence of the Seneca and which other river? 7. What is the name of the southernmost point of the Australian mainland? 8. Which Italian city is called the "Mistress of the Adriatic?" 9. This river becomes a 20-mile wide estuary between Hong Kong and Macao. Name this river. 10. Which South American capital city is located at the mouth of the Demerara River? 11. The northernmost island in the Mediterranean Sea is located in the Adriatic Sea. Name this island. 12. After the construction of a flood control system, the Red River no longer flows into the Mississippi River. Which river does it now flow into? 13. Which city lies where the Cuyahoga River flows into Lake Erie? 14. The St. John River separates Maine from which Canadian province? 15. One of Europe's most northerly points is on Mageroya Island, belonging to which country? 16. The Khyber Pass, built by the British in Afghanistan, runs through which mountain range? 17. In 2000, the world's longest highway tunnel at 15.2 miles was opened in Norway. Name this tunnel. 18. The Puerta de Bisagra is an entrance to this Spanish city that is located on the Tagus River and which shares its name with a city in the US. Name this city. 19. The Chinese Grand Canal begins its 1100-mile long course at Beijing and and ends at which southern Chinese city? 20. Which lake located on the Colorado River is the US's largest man-made lake? 21. China's 'Fertile Triangle' lies between the cities of Hangzhou, Shanghai, and which former capital that lies farther inland? 22. The Gulf of Tonkin is bordered by Vietnam on the west, and the island of Hainan and which peninsula on the east? 23. The cities of Livorno and Firenze lie in which Italian region that was once a Grand Duchy? 24. The seaport of Naha is on which Japanese island that was the site of a World War II Battle in 1945 and contains a city of the same name? 25. "The Pearl of the Mediterranean" is a nickname for the largest of Spain's Balearic Islands. Name this island. (Answers) 1. Nuremberg and Augsburg are cities in which southern German state that contains Germany's highest peak, the Zugspitze? (Bavaria) 2. The Dee River, in Scotland, flows into which sea near Aberdeen? (The North Sea) 3. In 1949, the Asiatic Ainu peoples were expelled from Sakhalin and relocated to Hokkaido. What strait separates these two islands? (The La Perouse Strait) 4. The highest peak in Northern Ireland is Slieve Donard, which rises in what mountain range? (The Mourne Mountains) 5. Which Eastern European capital city is called the "Queen of the Danube?" (Budapest) 6. The Oswego River in New York state is formed by the confluence of the Seneca and which other river? (The Oneida River) 7. What is the name of the southernmost point of the Australian mainland? (Wilson's Promontory) 8. Which Italian city is called the "Mistress of the Adriatic?" (Venice) 9. This river becomes a 20-mile wide estuary between Hong Kong and Macao. Name this river. (The Pearl River) 10. Which South American capital city is located at the mouth of the Demerara River? (Georgetown) 11. The northernmost island in the Mediterranean Sea is located in the Adriatic Sea. Name this island. (Krk Island) 12. After the construction of a flood control system, the Red River no longer flows into the Mississippi River. Which river does it now flow into? (The Atchafalaya River) 13. Which city lies where the Cuyahoga River flows into Lake Erie? (Cleveland) 14. The St. John River separates Maine from which Canadian province? (New Brunswick) 15. One of Europe's most northerly points is on Mageroya Island, belonging to which country? (Norway) 16. The Khyber Pass, built by the British in Afghanistan, runs through which mountain range? (The Safed Koh Mountains) 17. In 2000, the world's longest highway tunnel at 15.2 miles was opened in Norway. Name this tunnel. (The Laerdal Highway Tunnel) 18. The Puerta de Bisagra is an entrance to this Spanish city that is located on the Tagus River and which shares its name with a city in the US. Name this city. (Toledo) 19. The Chinese Grand Canal begins its 1100-mile long course at Beijing and and ends at which southern Chinese city? (Hangzhou) 20. Which lake located on the Colorado River is the US's largest man-made lake? (Lake Mead) 21. China's 'Fertile Triangle' lies between the cities of Hangzhou, Shanghai, and which former capital that lies farther inland? (Nanjing) 22. The Gulf of Tonkin is bordered by Vietnam on the west, and the island of Hainan and which peninsula on the east? (The Luichow Peninsula) 23. The cities of Livorno and Firenze lie in which Italian region that was once a Grand Duchy? (Tuscany) 24. The seaport of Naha is on which Japanese island that was the site of a World War II Battle in 1945 and contains a city of the same name? (Okinawa) 25. "The Pearl of the Mediterranean" is a nickname for the largest of Spain's Balearic Islands. Name this island. (Majorca)

Sunday, June 1, 2014

GeoBee Fact File - June, 2014

Use this section to post new facts as you learn them. These facts should be in a statement or in a Q/A format. Ensure that all posts are precise, accurate for content and are properly edited.
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GeoBee News of the Day - June, 2014

As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format.
Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself.
Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded and edited.

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India's Newest State - Telangana








(Adapted from Maps India)
About Telangana



Telangana is expected to become the 29th and the newest state of India on June 2. It was previously a part of the state that was earlier known as Andhra Pradesh. Before India became independent it was included in the state of Hyderabad, which comprised two divisions, namely, Warangal and Medak. At that time the region was governed by the Nizams. The region has been in news recently as the focal point of a tussle between the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh and the national administration - while the Union Government has agreed to the creation of the new state, Andhra Pradesh has opposed it on grounds of territorial integrity. The region, as per the 2011 Census, has a population of almost 35,286,757, which accounted for 41.6% of the population of Andhra Pradesh.


List of districts in Telangana

Following is a list of the districts that will make up the province of Telangana:
  • Hyderabad
  • Medak
  • Adilabad
  • Nalgonda
  • Khammam
  • Nizamabad
  • Karimnagar
  • Rangareddy
  • Mahbubnagar
  • Warangal
Geography of Telangana

Boundaries: The future state of Telangana is surrounded in its northwestern and northern directions by Maharashtra. Karnataka encircles the region towards the west and Chhattisgarh lies to its northeastern direction. To the east of Telangana is Odisha.

Span: In all, the region covers an area spanning 114,840 kilometers, which is equivalent of 44,340 square miles. 

Rivers: The most important rivers of this would-be province are Musi, Krishna, Manjira and Godavari. 

Cities: The largest cities of Telangana are going to be Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Warangal and Karimnagar. 

History of Formation of Telangana

The movement to create a separate state of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh had started during the period following the creation of the state. There had been several movements but the most important ones happened during 1969, 1972 and 2009. Over the years, the movement only gathered a lot of steam. 

The process of creating the separate state of Telangana was initiated on December 9, 2009 with a formal announcement from the Indian Government. However, as a mark of protest against this decision, MLAs and MPs from the Rayalseema and Coastal Andhra areas tendered their resignations. 

These regions also saw some violent protest after the said announcement. As a result of all these, the Indian government was forced to put the process on the backburner on December 23, 2009. The Telangana movement, however, continued unabated in Hyderabad as well as other districts of the region. 

However, the process began yet again on July 30, 2013 when Congress, the ruling party of India, decided to plead the Indian Government to create the new state of Telangana. It was decided that Hyderabad would continue to be the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for the next decade. The process met with the approval of the Union Cabinet on October 3, 2013. 

A Group of Ministers (GoM) draft bill on Telangana was approved by the Indian Government on December 5, 2013, following which the bill was submitted to the Parliament so that both the houses could vote on the same. The 15th Lok Sabha voted in favour of creating a new state on February 18, 2014 and the Rajya Sabha followed suit on February 20, 2014. 

Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India, provided his consent to the decision on March 1, 2014 and the Gazette notification for the same was brought out on the same day. It was announced by the Indian Government on March 4, 2014 that the new state of Telangana would be created on June 2. 

Why is it called Telangana?

It is said that both the name Telangana as well as the language in circulation in the state has come from the words Trilinga or Trilinga Desa, which means the country of the three lingas. As per a Hindu legend, Shiva came down on three mountains called Kaleshwaram, Draksharama and Srisailam as a linga. These mountains basically acted as the borders of the region and are supposed to be situated somewhere between the rivers Godavari and Krishna. The word is also used in order to separate the Telugu- speaking region from the Marathi dominions and designate it as a part of the state of Hyderabad. 

Why was Telangana created?

The supporters of Telangana have cited discrepancies and deprivation in many areas such as water resources distribution, jobs and allotments of budget as the basic reasons for creating a new state. The region used to contribute approximately 62% of the revenues generated in Andhra Pradesh. It has been stated that even though it had almost 69% of the catchment areas of both Godavari and Krishna, it received only around 19% of the benefit provided by the various irrigation projects. It has also been alleged that in majority of the years the state government did not spend the money allotted for the development of Telangana. 

Professor Jayashankar has estimated that only 20% of government employees are recruited from the region. As far as the secretariat is concerned, the count goes down to around 10% and only 5% of the officers who lead various departments are from Telangana. He has also pointed out that in the 50 years of the state's existence, chief ministers from Telangana have served for only six-and-a-half years.

The proponents of Telangana have also pointed that the state legislature as well as the Lok Sabha has failed to honour the various agreements, promises and plans and this has left the state in a lurch of neglect, backwardness and exploitation. 


Effects of Telangana Creation


As per political experts there could be various effects of the creation of Telangana. The main argument of the supporters of this decision is that it would be easier to administer a smaller state like Telangana. However, judging by the way Jharkhand has been governed since its creation such an argument may not hold much ground. It is also expected that the creation of Telangana would lead to further instability in India as similar other movement such as Gorkhaland, Vidarbha and Bodoland will only gain ground. 

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

Hail to the Champion and the Runner-up...

On May 21, 2014, the following two from my circle of coaching finished in the the top two spots at the National Geographic Bee competition in Washington D.C.
Both Akhil and Ameya worked extremely hard for this competition and were ably supported by their families and the volunteers from Tampa GeoBee group.
We are proud of their achievements and wish them the best in all their new endeavors!

(Both images courtesy the National Geographic)

1st Place winner - Akhil Rekulapelli - 8th Grader - who finished fourth in 2013 National Geographic Bee is the first student from Virginia to win the competition.  Akhil’s prizes are a $50,000 college scholarship, lifetime membership in the National Geographic Society and a trip for two to the Galápagos Islands on an expedition aboard the Lindblad ship National Geographic Endeavor.




2nd Place winner - Ameya Mujumdar - 5th Grader from Turner Elementary School in New Tampa - who became first time Florida state champion and went on to win the 2nd place at the National level. He receives a $25,000 college scholarship.  He is also the youngest to come in second place in 26 years of National Geographic Bee competition.