Do you know?


Do you know? (Submitted by Saket Pochiraju)


What is the term for a tide which occurs two times a month when the sun, moon and earth form a right angle and the gravitational pull of the sun counteracts with the pull of the moon? The Akan People make up about half the population of which African country home to the Kwahu Plateau and the large city of Kumasi? According to the CIA World Factbook, the country with the lowest population growth rate is an Asian country home to Lake Assad and the Hawran Plateau. Name this country. In late April 2015, Nursultan Nazarbayev won his 5th term as president of which former Soviet republic with the cities of Turkestan and Kyzylorda on the Syr Darya River and the Karagiye Depression, on the Mangyshlak Peninsula? What is the name for the bowl-like basin features that are carved by the erosion of rock by moving ice and sometimes form aretes when they are side by side? Of the ten most densely populated cities, five of them can be found in which country home to the Malwa Plateau and the Patkai Hills, on the border with Myanmar? Which country, the largest producer of bauxite, is home to the Brigalow Belt, a wide band of acacia wooded grasslands, and owns Macquarie Island? According to some sources, the country with lowest GDP growth rate in 2014 was an African country about the size of Alaska home to the cities of Bayda and Zawiya and the Marj Plain. Name this country. Russians are to Estonia as the Zarma People are to which landlocked African country home to the city of Gaya in the Dosso Region? The Taiheiyo Belt, also known as the Tokaido Corridor, is the most populous conurbation in which Asian country home to the Nobi Plain and the Shiretoko Peninsula? Arkhangelsk, located at the mouth of the Northern Dvina River, is an important port city in which country home to the Khibiny Mountains, on the Kola Peninsula? The Tihany Peninsula juts into the largest lake in Central Europe. Name this lake, fed by the Zala River, which is called Plattensee in German. Living goddesses are part of the traditions of the Newari Buddhists, a group in the Kathmandu Valley of which country home to the city of Pokhara? What is the term for the flat-topped remains of an extinct underwater volcano that broke above the surface of water before subsiding? Paul Biya, who has served more than 40 years, has been both prime minister and president of an African nation that shares the Cross River with Nigeria. Name this country, home to the Oku Volcanic Field. The country with the largest percentage of cultivated land is an Asian nation home to the Madhupur and Barind Plateaus. Name this country, which also contributes the most people to the UN Peacekeeper Force, and was formerly known as East Pakistan. The Kilba and Edo People are minority groups in an African nation home to Obudu Plateau. Name this country, the world’s largest producer of cassava, which has the most HIV/AIDS deaths annually. The Kilba and Edo People are minority groups in an African nation home to Obudu Plateau. Name this country, the world’s largest producer of cassava, which has the most HIV/AIDS deaths annually. Guerewol is an important festival for the Wodaabe People, a subgroup of the Fulani concentrated mainly in which country home to the Bagzane Plateau that has the highest fertility rate in the world? Cavite, in the Calabarzon Region, is one of the most populated provinces in a Asian country that holds the distinction of being the world’s largest producer of nickel. Name this country, home to the Zamboanga Peninsula. According to the CIA World Factbook, a country part of the BRICS group has the largest renewable freshwater sources in the world. Name this country, which also leads the world in citrus fruit production, and is home to the Borborema Plateau. The longest alphabet, with 33 consonants, 23 vowels and 12 independent vowels, belongs to a former French colony where the Cham People are a minority Muslim group and the city of Battambang on the Sangkae River. Name this country, where the official language is Khmer. Forest that occur in cold nutrient-rich water are among the most beautiful and biologically productive habitats in the marine environment. What is the name for these forests? According to Mercer’s Quality of Living Survey, the city with the highest quality of life is a European capital city on the Danube River that is the 6th largest within city limits in the European Union, surpassed only by London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome and Paris. Name this city. The country with the highest rate of urbanization in the world is an African country whose flag has 3 stars for the 3 main ethnic groups in the country- the Hutu, the Tutsi and the Twa. Name this country, home to Kibira National Park, contiguous with Nyungwe National Park in neighboring Rwanda. The world’s large producer of shale oil is a European country whose largest river by discharge is the Narva River. Name this country, whose highest point is Suur Munamagi, in the Haanja Uplands of the Voru County. What is the term for a plant which grows in dry conditions where water is often limited; example: Joshua tree? Robert Mugabe has been the president since 1987 of an African country home to the region of Matabeleland. Name this country, which is using currencies such as the South African rand, US Dollar and Indian Rupee for transactions because its currency has suffered severe hyperinflation? What is the Portuguese term for the equatorial rainforest found in the Amazon Basin? Riffa is the 2nd largest city in which Asian country that owns Muharraq Island, Sitrah Island and the Amwaj Islands, and is majority Shi’a Muslim? (Answers) What is the term for a tide which occurs two times a month when the sun, moon and earth form a right angle and the gravitational pull of the sun counteracts with the pull of the moon? (Neap Tide) The Akan People make up about half the population of which African country home to the Kwahu Plateau and the large city of Kumasi? (Ghana) According to the CIA World Factbook, the country with the lowest population growth rate is an Asian country home to Lake Assad and the Hawran Plateau. Name this country. (Syria) In late April 2015, Nursultan Nazarbayev won his 5th term as president of which former Soviet republic with the cities of Turkestan and Kyzylorda on the Syr Darya River and the Karagiye Depression, on the Mangyshlak Peninsula? (Kazakhstan) What is the name for the bowl-like basin features that are carved by the erosion of rock by moving ice and sometimes form aretes when they are side by side? (cirques) Of the ten most densely populated cities, five of them can be found in which country home to the Malwa Plateau and the Patkai Hills, on the border with Myanmar? (India) Which country, the largest producer of bauxite, is home to the Brigalow Belt, a wide band of acacia wooded grasslands, and owns Macquarie Island? (Australia) According to some sources, the country with lowest GDP growth rate in 2014 was an African country about the size of Alaska home to the cities of Bayda and Zawiya and the Marj Plain. Name this country. (Libya) Russians are to Estonia as the Zarma People are to which landlocked African country home to the city of Gaya in the Dosso Region? (Niger) The Taiheiyo Belt, also known as the Tokaido Corridor, is the most populous conurbation in which Asian country home to the Nobi Plain and the Shiretoko Peninsula? (Japan) Arkhangelsk, located at the mouth of the Northern Dvina River, is an important port city in which country home to the Khibiny Mountains, on the Kola Peninsula? (Russia) The Tihany Peninsula juts into the largest lake in Central Europe. Name this lake, fed by the Zala River, which is called Plattensee in German. (Lake Balaton) Living goddesses are part of the traditions of the Newari Buddhists, a group in the Kathmandu Valley of which country home to the city of Pokhara? (Nepal) What is the term for the flat-topped remains of an extinct underwater volcano that broke above the surface of water before subsiding? (guyot or tablemount) Paul Biya, who has served more than 40 years, has been both prime minister and president of an African nation that shares the Cross River with Nigeria. Name this country, home to the Oku Volcanic Field. (Cameroon) The country with the largest percentage of cultivated land is an Asian nation home to the Madhupur and Barind Plateaus. Name this country, which also contributes the most people to the UN Peacekeeper Force, and was formerly known as East Pakistan. (Bangladesh) The Kilba and Edo People are minority groups in an African nation home to Obudu Plateau. Name this country, the world’s largest producer of cassava, which has the most HIV/AIDS deaths annually. (Nigeria) What is the term for a peninsula of sand projecting from a shore where the coastline changes direction? (Spit) Guerewol is an important festival for the Wodaabe People, a subgroup of the Fulani concentrated mainly in which country home to the Bagzane Plateau that has the highest fertility rate in the world? (Niger) Cavite, in the Calabarzon Region, is one of the most populated provinces in a Asian country that holds the distinction of being the world’s largest producer of nickel. Name this country, home to the Zamboanga Peninsula. (Philippines) According to the CIA World Factbook, a country part of the BRICS group has the largest renewable freshwater sources in the world. Name this country, which also leads the world in citrus fruit production, and is home to the Borborema Plateau. (Brazil) The longest alphabet, with 33 consonants, 23 vowels and 12 independent vowels, belongs to a former French colony where the Cham People are a minority Muslim group and the city of Battambang on the Sangkae River. Name this country, where the official language is Khmer. (Cambodia) Forest that occur in cold nutrient-rich water are among the most beautiful and biologically productive habitats in the marine environment. What is the name for these forests? (Kelp Forests) According to Mercer’s Quality of Living Survey, the city with the highest quality of life is a European capital city on the Danube River that is the 6th largest within city limits in the European Union, surpassed only by London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome and Paris. Name this city. (Vienna) The country with the highest rate of urbanization in the world is an African country whose flag has 3 stars for the 3 main ethnic groups in the country- the Hutu, the Tutsi and the Twa. Name this country, home to Kibira National Park, contiguous with Nyungwe National Park in neighboring Rwanda. (Burundi) The world’s large producer of shale oil is a European country whose largest river by discharge is the Narva River. Name this country, whose highest point is Suur Munamagi, in the Haanja Uplands of the Voru County. (Estonia) What is the term for a plant which grows in dry conditions where water is often limited; example: Joshua tree? (Xerophyte) Robert Mugabe has been the president since 1987 of an African country home to the region of Matabeleland. Name this country, which is using currencies such as the South African rand, US Dollar and Indian Rupee for transactions because its currency has suffered severe hyperinflation? (Zimbabwe) What is the Portuguese term for the equatorial rainforest found in the Amazon Basin? (Selva) Riffa is the 2nd largest city in which Asian country that owns Muharraq Island, Sitrah Island and the Amwaj Islands, and is majority Shi’a Muslim? (Bahrain)

Why Geography Bee?

Why Geography Bee?

Preparing for this competition is a fun way of learning about places and people, all across the world! It increases geographic knowledge and helps children in becoming champions. It instills in them the universal principles of education – the desire to learn, the ability to focus, the discipline to stay on course, the importance of working hard, an opportunity to understand novel concepts and to make a sense of every day, world events .
Preparing for Geography Bee leads to learning important life lessons that are absolute pre-requisites for higher achievement.

Why Geography?

Why Geography?

In an increasingly interconnected, interdependent and compressed world, knowing about the world and the happenings around will enable us to understand how remote events have the ability to impact people's lives all around the world. Geography connects physical systems, cultural characteristics, evolution and modification of environments and availability and distribution of resources. Being Geographically literate and by having a mental map of the world, children will have a decent chance to become global citizens and consequently, primed to be active players on the world stage. They are also more likely to appreciate Mother Earth as the homeland of humankind, for making wise management decisions about how the planet's resources should be conserved and used in the next century.

Monday, July 27, 2015

2015 Summer Assignment - Week 6 - Physical/Political/Economic/Population Geography

July 27 to August 2

                                                                                World Physical
                  World Political
           World Light map
World Population Circle


Monday, July 6, 2015

2015 Summer Assignment - Week 3 - North America (without USA)

(July 6 to July 12, 2015)
Post new facts as you learn them - Avoid posting previously published facts from this blog.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

GeoBee Fact File - July, 2015

Read the posted information to expand your body of knowledge and make a note of facts that are not familiar to you.  Post all the NEW facts (as you learn them) in this section in a statement or in a Q/A format.  This is also the location for you to post in the ongoing Fact File assignment!
Ensure that all posts are accurate, clear and relevant!!!
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(From BBC)

Nine rare and beautiful cloud formations...


Read more at ... 
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State nick names...  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._state_nicknames
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GeoBee News of the Day - July, 2015

As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format.
Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself.
Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded. Look at the posts in this section (going back a few months) to get a correct perspective and format...
Also, click on the posted links  and follow the  news all around the world!
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(From CNN)

10 of the world's most beautiful new nature reserves

Pitcairn Islands Marine Reserve

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(From BBC, July 14, 2015)

Could one of these be New Zealand's New flag?



Read more at  
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(From BBC, July 13, 2015)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-33503423


Underwater volcanoes discovered off Australia



The team from Australia's national science agency (CSIRO) made the discovery during a search for larval lobster breeding grounds. The cluster of volcanoes is believed to be around 50 million years old. The researchers say the discovery may hold clues to how Australia separated from New Zealand.
The volcanoes were discovered about 250km (155 miles) off the coast of Sydney. "This is the first time these volcanoes have been seen," volcano expert Richard Arculus told AFP. "We know the surface topography of Mars better than we know our backyard because there's no water in the way. "I think every time we turn the spotlight on the sea floor we see things that we've never seen before.""They tell us part of the story of how New Zealand and Australia separated around 40 to 80 million years ago." Scientists say the biggest of the four volcanoes rises 700m off the sea floor, with a crater spanning 1.5km across.
The BBC's Jon Donnison in Sydney says while New Zealand has a few active volcanoes, the last eruption in Australia is thought to have been more than 5,000 years ago.
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(From BBC, July 9, 2015)

Indonesia volcano Sinabung spews clouds of ash towards homes



For information and FAQs on Volcanos, check out...  http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcanoes/faq.html
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(From AP)
World Heritage status for The Alamo, Japan industrial sites

Latest list of World Heritage Sites...


BONN, Germany (AP) — The United States has succeeded in its bid to "Remember the Alamo," after the U.N. cultural body approved its status as a world heritage site Sunday.
The Alamo was one of five Spanish Roman Catholic sites, known as the San Antonio Missions, to receive the coveted label likely to boost tourism.
UNESCO's World Heritage Committee approved the Missions' status along with more than a dozen others from around the globe, including the Gunkanjima industrial site off Japan that South Korea had long objected to.
Susan Snow, an archaeologist for San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, said the site in Texas represents "the very essence of the great melting pot of the United States."
"These Missions are a living example of the interchange of cultures bringing together the indigenous, Spanish, Mexican, and other influences that form South Texas today," Snow said in a statement following the decision in Bonn, Germany.
The Missions were built in the 18th century in and around what is now the city of San Antonio to convert indigenous people to Catholicism and make them Spanish subjects.
The best known of the missions, The Alamo, was the site of the famous 1836 battle when an outnumbered band of Texas settlers staged a courageous stand before Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and his Mexican forces seized the mission. During the Battle of San Jacinto weeks later, then-victorious Texas soldiers shouted, "Remember the Alamo!"
U.S. officials hope the designation will boost tourism to San Antonio, already one of the city's top five industry and responsible for one in eight jobs.
The Missions were the only sites in the United States proposed for world heritage status this year. Other American icons already on the list include the Statue of Liberty and the Grand Canyon.
In another decision, Japan received world heritage status for a collection of almost two dozen sites that illustrate the country's industrial revolution during the 19th century.
The unanimous vote in favor of Japan's bid was approved only after Tokyo and Seoul resolved a spat over whether to acknowledge the sites' history of wartime forced labor, particularly that of Gunkanjima, or Battleship Island.
The fortress island near Nagasaki was key to Japan's rapid development during the 1868-1912 era of the Meiji Emperor, who sought to catch up with Western colonial powers.
Until recently, Seoul had objected to the listing unless the role of Korean prisoners forced to work there during World War II was formally recognized.
"Japan is prepared to take measures that allow an understanding that there were a large number of Koreans and others who were brought against their will and forced to work under harsh conditions in the 1940s at some of the sites," the Japanese delegation said in a statement after the decision.
More than a dozen other sites have also been granted world heritage status in recent days. They include:
The Burgundy vineyards south of Dijon, France, which have been shaped by centuries of wine making. Along with surrounding villages and the historic center of Dijon, the site represents an industry in existence since at least the 12th century.
Champagne, the sparkling wine distinctive of the eponymous French region, represented in the vineyards, the cellars where the bottled wine ferments a second time, and the storied sales houses.
The Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens of Turkey, which goes back to ancient Greek and Roman times.
The Par Force Hunting Landscape northeast of Copenhagen, a sculpted woodland where Danish kings hunted with hounds until the 18th century.
A Lutheran church settlement known as Christiansfeld, also in Denmark. Founded in 1773 in the region of South Jutland, the town was built around a central church square to represent the democratic ideal of this Protestant denomination.
Tusi sites in southwest China, named after the tribal chiefs who ruled there from the 13th to the early 20th century.
The archaeological mounds and Ardeshir's palace along the Shavur River in Iran. Known as Susa, the site was continuously settled from the 5th century B.C. until the 13th century.
The Maymand valley region of central Iran inhabited by semi-nomadic people who move between mountain pastures and caves depending on the season.
Singapore's Botanical Gardens, which were created in 1859 and have since become a world-class conservation and research site, as well as a major tourist attraction for the city state.
The Baekje region of South Korea comprising archaeological sites dating from the late 5th to late 7th century.
Mongolia's sacred Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain where Central Asian steppe meets the Siberian taiga. Tradition holds that it is the site of Genghis Khan's birth and burial.
Sicilian churches and palaces dating back to the island's 12th-century Norman rule, which incorporated Arab and Byzantine culture.
Christian pilgrimage sites in modern Jordan where Jesus is said to have been baptized, along with Roman and Byzantine remains in the area.
Prehistoric rock art showing human and animal figures in Saudi Arabia's Hail Region.
Hamburg's Speicherstadt district, a vast complex of red-brick warehouses built between 1883 and 1927 in Germany's biggest port.
The Rjukan-Notodden industrial site in Norway, built in the early 20th century to produce fertilizer to meet the booming demand from agriculture.
The Necropolis of Beth She'arim, a series of catacombs built from the 2nd century B.C. onward as a Jewish burial place. Located southeast of Haifa, Israel, the site features inscriptions in Greek, Aramaic and Hebrew.
Scotland's Forth Bridge, completed in 1890 to carry trains over the Forth River and still in use today.
The Blue and John Crow Mountains, Jamaica's first world heritage site. Located on the southeast of the island, they became a refuge for indigenous people and escaped African slaves during colonial times and are considered a biodiversity hotspot.









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(From BBC)

Tonga King Tupou VI formally crowned



The king of the Pacific island nation of Tonga, Tupou VI, has been formally crowned, more than three years after ascending to the throne.Foreign royals, including the Crown Prince of Japan, attended the coronation ceremony in the capital, Nuku'alofa.A retired Australian minister performed the crowning as it is taboo for Tongans to touch their king's head.Tonga gained its independence from Britain in 1970 but the monarchy stretches back 1,000 years.
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(From BBC)

US-Cuba ties: Washington and Havana announce embassies









Havana skyline (file photo 2009)
There has not been a US embassy in the Cuban capital Havana since the 1960s

The US and Cuba have agreed to reopen embassies in each other's capitals, a major step in re-establishing diplomatic ties severed in 1961.
Cuba said Havana and Washington will restore full diplomatic relations and open embassies on 20 July. 
Relations had been frozen since the early 1960s when the US broke links and imposed a trade embargo with the communist island.
But the two sides agreed to normalise relations at the end of 2014.
The country's two leaders held historic talks in April.
Since 1977, the US and Cuba have operated diplomatic missions called "interests sections" in each other's capitals under the legal protection of Switzerland. However, they do not enjoy the same status as full embassies.
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Friday, June 26, 2015

2015 Summer Assignment - Week 2 - USA

(June 29 to July 5, 2015)
Post new facts as you learn them - Avoid posting previously published facts from this blog.



http://www.infoplease.com/states.html

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Monday, June 1, 2015

GeoBee Fact File - June, 2015 & Summer Assignment - Week 1 - Africa

Read the posted information to expand your body of knowledge and make a note of facts that are not familiar to you.  Post those facts and others from different sources that are new to you in this section in a statement or a Q/A format.  Ensure that all posts are accurate and are properly worded.
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How Indian words have travelled (and became global)...

https://www.thinglink.com/scene/668391258422509568

Read the fascinating article and follow not only the routes but also the roots!
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GeoBee News of the Day - June, 2015

As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format. Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself. Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded.
Also, click on the posted links  and follow the  news all around the world!
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Iran's homegrown treasure: the spice that costs more than gold

By Kieron Monks
Mon June 29, 2015


(CNN) It is the most expensive and sought after spice in the world, commonly known as red gold. 
At $65 per gram for the highest quality crop, Saffron can actually cost even more than the precious metal. Its value has been kept permanently high by labor-intensive harvesting methods that require around 200,000 delicate red strands to be hand-picked from 70,000 Crocus Sativaflowers for each pound.
The undisputed capital for saffron production is Iran, where the tradition dates back over 3,000 years. The country produces over 90% of the 250 tons produced worldwide each year, boosted by unique ecological conditions that deliver a strong-flavored, aromatic crop that is a staple of local cuisine, cosmetics and traditional medicine. 
But business has been made harder for traders in recent years. The international sanctions implemented over the country's nuclear program have blocked access to the previously lucrative markets of Europe, the USA and Canada. Iranian companies and banks have been locked out of the global financial system.

But despite the difficulties, Rowhani has been able to maintain exports of 50 kilograms a month by reorienting his business to new markets in the Gulf and Middle East. Across the Iranian saffron industry as a whole, exports rose by 36% in 2014, according to Iran's National Saffron Council, and the price per kilo has risen slightly to around $2,000 per kilo.


"Traders are very clever and when a door is closed they go through the window," says Ali Sheikh, the London representative of Iran Hassos Ltd, and a founding member of the British Iranian Chamber of Commerce. "None of the traditional items (including pistachios and saffron) remain unsold. The demand is greater than supply."
Despite losing over $7 million a year in sales to the UK, Iran Hassos Ltd maintained a turnover of $48 million in 2014, similar to the pre-sanctions level, says Sheikh. 


Picking saffron in Afghanistan, where the industry is growing rapidly.
Picking saffron in Afghanistan, where the industry is growing rapidly. 
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Park visitor unearths 8.52-carat diamond in Arkansas

(From CNN)

(CNN) A glistening, white diamond half the size of a quarter was discovered at Arkansas' Crater of Diamonds State Park on Wednesday, park officials said. Shaped like an icicle, the 8.25-carat gem is the fifth-largest diamond found by a visitor to the state park since the site was established in 1972.
The search area at the Crater of Diamonds, where visitors can hunt for gems, is one the world's only diamond-producing sites that is open to the public. The park exercises a "finders keepers" policy.
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(From The Hindu) 
Rare sculptures discovered at Hampi

Sculpture of Rama and Lakshmana at Gandha Madhana hill at Hampi. Photo: T.M. Keshav-

It was a trek up Gandha Madana hill that led to T.M. Keshava, former Superintending Archaeologist, Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and his team discovering some rare rock sculptures at Hampi.
They found sculptures of Vishnu, in the form of ‘Dhanwantri’, sculpted on the cliff of a gigantic boulder. Adjacent to it was the sculpture of Rama, in a shooting pose, along with Lakshmana, all in royal attire, with Hanuman in the background. 
Next to the sculptures was a sheltered rock cave, with a structural entrance bearing a huge multi-hooded snake, with a dagger vertically above the hood and the symbol of the sun and moon on either side. 
Date back to Vijayanagar period
These sculptures were found buried behind thick vegetation. “The findings might date back to the earlier Vijayanagar period,” says Mr. Keshava, who has done extensive studies on Hampi excavations..
“The face and crown of the Vishnu sculpture looks to be that of the ‘Amruta Kalasa’. The sculpture of Dhanwantri Vishnu, with Sridevi and Bhoodevi on either side, holding ‘Shankha’ and ‘chakra’ in his hands. This is the first time such sculptures have been found,” he says.
If you look south of the cave, you see an east-facing Nandi sculpted on a boulder. 
The inner side of the mahamantap is filled with sand and debris, and one has to crawl in to gain access. In front of the rock-cut Shiva temple, is the remains of a ‘Garuda’ pillar. “It appears that the whole composition was an important complex during the Vijayanagar period. Further exploration of the area may unravel unknown stages of the Vijayanagar architectural history,” he says.
Conservation
When contacted, N.C. Prakash Nayakanda, Deputy Superintending Archaeologist, ASI Hampi Mini Circle, said: “There are many things that are still unexplored in Hampi. We will visit the spot where the rock sculptures were found, carry out an inspection and take photographs to maintain a record, besides initiating suitable steps for its conservation.” 
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(From CNN)
Wreck of 18th century slave ship discovered


(CNN)Archaeologists and divers from across continents believe they have struck history gold, confirming the first ever discovery of a sunken slave ship.
The Sao Jose-Paquete de Africa, a Portuguese slave ship, sank off Cape Town on its way from Mozambique to Brazil in 1794, while carrying more than 500 slaves. The ship's crew and almost half of those enslaved drowned in the violent waves. It is believed that the surviving slaves were resold in the Western Cape.
So far, only a few remnants have been retrieved from the wreck site, a turbulent spot located between two reefs.
The Slave Wrecks Project, founded in 2008, uncovered shackles, an iron ballast which helped weigh down a ship that carrying human cargo and a wooden pulley block. Iziko Museums of South Africa are expected to formally announce the breakthrough in Cape Town on Monday.
"The Sao Jose slave shipwreck site reverberates with historical significance and represents an addition to our underwater heritage that has the potential to advance knowledge and understanding of slavery, not only at the Cape but on a global level," said Rooksana Omar, CEO of Iziko Museums, in a statement.
The findings are especially poignant because a slave-carrying vessel has never been discovered before, said Lonnie Bunch, Founding Director of the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture in a statement.
    "The Sao Jose is all the more significant because it represents one of the earliest attempts to bring East Africans into the trans-Atlantic slave trade -- a shift that played a major role in prolonging that tragic trade for decades," said Bunch.
    Treasure hunters were the first to expose the ship, but they inaccurately recorded it as a Dutch vessel. Between 2010 and 2011, Iziko Museum archaeologist Jaco Boshoff discovered an account of the wreck lodged by the captain of the ship, which rekindled interest in the site. From investigations beginning last year, a document was also found which noted the sale of a slave by a local sheikh to the captain prior to its departure.
    An exhibition entitled "Slavery and Freedom" will open at the African American History and Culture Museum in the fall of 2016, with the findings on loan to the museum for 10 years.