Do you know?

Do you know? (Submitted by Karan Menon)

World (Questions) 1. Pamplona is the capital of what Spanish Autonomous region in the northern part of the country? 2. The Oder River empties into what lagoon on the border of Germany and Poland which is separated from the Pomeranian Gulf of the Baltic by the islands of Usedom and Wolin? 3. Which city on the banks of the Amazon River, the capital of the department of Amazonas, at the tripoint of Colombia, Brazil, and Peru is the southernmost city of Colombia? 4. The Lol River is a stream that is a tributary of the Bahr Al-Arab in which country? 5. Santiago is generally considered to be the largest city in Chile because it is a conurbation of 5 million inhabitants. However, it is not the largest city proper in the country. Name the largest city proper in Chile, a city in the Santiago Metropolitan Region that is the capital of the Cordillera Province. 6. Since the United States dropped more than 2 million tons of bombs from 1964 to 1973 on it, which was the most bombed country in history? 7. What is the term for the subtropical latitudes between 30 and 35 degrees both north and south? 8. The Erie Canal passes through what lake feeding into Lake Ontario, referred to as the thumb of the Finger Lakes, which is the largest lake entirely within New York? 9. The Kashangan Oilfield is a rich offshore oilfield in the Caspian Sea near Atyrau in which country? 10. Skopje, the capital of Macedonia is located on the banks of which river, a major river of both Macedonia and Greece, which flows into the Aegean Sea near Thessaloniki? 11. The Confederation Bridge which links Prince Edward Island which New Brunswick, spans what Canadian Strait? 12. Large numbers of Hungarians live in which autonomous province in northern Serbia whose capital is Novi Sad? 13. Xiamen, a Chinese city in the province of Fujian, is located on the shore of what strait? 14. Peter I Island, an uninhabited island in the Bellingshausen Sea off the coast of Antarctica is a dependency of which country? 15. Torshavn, the capital and largest city of the Faroe Islands is located on the largest and most populous island in the archipelago. Name this island? 16. Which town located on the Davis Strait in central-western Greenland, the administrative center of the Qeqqata Municipality, is the 2nd largest city of Greenland? 17. Which country has the highest ecological footprint of any country in the world? 18. What is the highest point of Jamaica? 19. What is the name of the thin tombolo of sand that serves as a natural protection for Kingston Harbor in Jamaica that is home to the town of Port Royal and the Norman Manley International Airport? 20. Which country whose capital is situated on the Liguanea Plain was known as Santiago when it was a Spanish possession? 21. The New River flows through the county seat of Broward County. Name this city on the Atlantic Ocean. 22. When you flip the flag of Poland upside down, it becomes the flag of what country? 23. Elba is the largest island in which archipelago? 24. The city of Herzogenaurach in Germany is the headquarters of the sporting goods companies Adidas and Puma. It is on the banks of the Aurach River, a tributary of the Regnitz River and is in which German state? 25. The cities of Latakia and Tartus are located on the Mediterranean Sea and are major ports of which country? 26. Cape Alava, the westernmost point in the contiguous United States and Cape Flattery are located on which peninsula whose largest city is Port Angeles? (Answers) 1. Pamplona is the capital of what Spanish Autonomous region in the northern part of the country? (Navarre) 2. The Oder River empties into what lagoon on the border of Germany and Poland which is separated from the Pomeranian Gulf of the Baltic by the islands of Usedom and Wolin? (Szcezecin Lagoon or Stettin Lagoon) 3. Which city on the banks of the Amazon River, the capital of the department of Amazonas, at the tripoint of Colombia, Brazil, and Peru is the southernmost city of Colombia? (Leticia) 4. The Lol River is a stream that is a tributary of the Bahr Al-Arab in which country? (South Sudan) 5. Santiago is generally considered to be the largest city in Chile because it is a conurbation of 5 million inhabitants. However, it is not the largest city proper in the country. Name the largest city proper in Chile, a city in the Santiago Metropolitan Region that is the capital of the Cordillera Province. (Puente Alto) 6. Since the United States dropped more than 2 million tons of bombs from 1964 to 1973 on it, which was the most bombed country in history? (Laos) 7. What is the term for the subtropical latitudes between 30 and 35 degrees both north and south? (Horse Latitudes) 8. The Erie Canal passes through what lake feeding into Lake Ontario, referred to as the thumb of the Finger Lakes, which is the largest lake entirely within New York? (Oneida Lake) 9. The Kashangan Oilfield is a rich offshore oilfield in the Caspian Sea near Atyrau in which country? (Kazakhstan) 10. Skopje, the capital of Macedonia is located on the banks of which river, a major river of both Macedonia and Greece, which flows into the Aegean Sea near Thessaloniki? (Vardar or Axios River) 11. The Confederation Bridge which links Prince Edward Island which New Brunswick, spans what Canadian Strait? (Northumberland Strait) 12. Large numbers of Hungarians live in which autonomous province in northern Serbia whose capital is Novi Sad? (Vojvodina) 13. Xiamen, a Chinese city in the province of Fujian, is located on the shore of what strait? (Taiwan Strait) 14. Peter I Island, an uninhabited island in the Bellingshausen Sea off the coast of Antarctica is a dependency of which country? (Norway) 15. Torshavn, the capital and largest city of the Faroe Islands is located on the largest and most populous island in the archipelago. Name this island. (Streymoy) 16. Which town located on the Davis Strait in central-western Greenland, the administrative center of the Qeqqata Municipality, is the 2nd largest city of Greenland? (Sisimut) 17. Which country has the highest ecological footprint of any country in the world? (United Arab Emirates) 18. What is the highest point of Jamaica? (Blue Mountain Peak) 19. What is the name of the thin tombolo of sand that serves as a natural protection for Kingston Harbor in Jamaica that is home to the town of Port Royal and the Norman Manley International Airport? (Palisadoes) 20. Which country whose capital is situated on the Liguanea Plain was known as Santiago when it was a Spanish possession? (Jamaica) 21. The New River flows through the county seat of Broward County. Name this city on the Atlantic Ocean. (Fort Lauderdale, Florida) 22. When you flip the flag of Poland upside down, it becomes the flag of what country? (Indonesia) 23. Elba is the largest island in which archipelago? (Tuscan Archipelago) 24. The city of Herzogenaurach in Germany is the headquarters of the sporting goods companies Adidas and Puma. It is on the banks of the Aurach River, a tributary of the Regnitz River and is in which German state? (Bavaria) 25. The cities of Latakia and Tartus are located on the Mediterranean Sea and are major ports of which country? (Syria) 26. Cape Alava, the westernmost point in the contiguous United States and Cape Flattery are located on which peninsula whose largest city is Port Angeles? (Olympic Peninsula)

Why Geography Bee?

Why Geography Bee?

Preparing for this competition is a fun way of learning about places and people, all across the world! It increases geographic knowledge and helps children in becoming champions. It instills in them the universal principles of education – the desire to learn, the ability to focus, the discipline to stay on course, the importance of working hard, an opportunity to understand novel concepts and to make a sense of every day, world events .
Preparing for Geography Bee leads to learning important life lessons that are absolute pre-requisites for higher achievement.

Why Geography?

Why Geography?

In an increasingly interconnected, interdependent and compressed world, knowing about the world and the happenings around will enable us to understand how remote events have the ability to impact people's lives all around the world. Geography connects physical systems, cultural characteristics, evolution and modification of environments and availability and distribution of resources. Being Geographically literate and by having a mental map of the world, children will have a decent chance to become global citizens and consequently, primed to be active players on the world stage. They are also more likely to appreciate Mother Earth as the homeland of humankind, for making wise management decisions about how the planet's resources should be conserved and used in the next century.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

GeoBee Retreat at Tampa, Florida





What: Fourth Annual GeoBee Retreat
WhenSaturday, March 7th (8 am to 6 pm) and Sunday, March 8th (8 am to noon)
WhoState Qualifiers, School Champions & Interested Students
Attendance: By prior registration only
Deadline for registration: Monday, March 2, 2015
(After this date, enrollment will be considered on a space available basis)

We are looking forward to hosting you in this unique opportunity to prepare your children to become future champions!
Volunteers of Tampa GeoBee  - Tampa Chapter of NSF – Gurukulam of Tampa Bay
For information and registration, contact:


Saturday, January 31, 2015

GeoBee Fact File - February, 2015

Use this section to post NEW facts as you learn them.  These facts should be in a statement or in Q/A format.  Ensure that all posts are precise, accurate and are properly worded.
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Farewell Spit (at the northern tip of South Island), New Zealand



(From Atlas Obscura)
EricGrundhauser (Admin)

Splaying off from the northern tip of New Zealand's southern island, the skinny little beach known as Farewell Spit is a lovely and remote piece of nature that seems to call to whales who are looking to kill themselves.
Despite what one might think, the name of Farewell Spit (called "Onetahua" by the native New Zealanders) does not refer to saying goodbye to the scores of whales that have run aground on the sands over the years but is actually a reference to nearby Cape Farewell, which was named such for the traditionally sentimental reasons. In fact there does not seem to be any reference to the many mammals who have died there over the years, only when the aquatic giants are laying there drying out in the sun would someone guess how deadly the spot is. Since anyone started recording such a statistic, 680 whales have died from stranding themselves on the spit. In 2015 some 200 whales beached themselves on the sand, although many were able to be floated back out to sea by concerned activists and the tides.
No one is exactly sure why whales strand themselves in general, although it is thought that near Farewell Spit it has to do with the shallow waters surrounding the sands interfering with their natural navigation. The clear social bonds between whales may also play a factor with just a few whales creating a tragic chain reaction that lead to dozens of grounded giants.   
There is an automated lighthouse near the tip of the spit that keeps ships from running afoul of the same fate as so many whales down the years, its just too bad so many majestic creatures couldn't see the light.
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GeoBee News of the Day - February, 2015

As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format. Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself. Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded.
Also, click on the posted links  and follow the  news all around the world!
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(From CBS)
Frozen Niagara Falls...


A partially frozen American Falls in sub freezing temperatures is seen in Niagara Falls, Ontario February 17, 2015. Temperatures dropped to 6 degrees Fahrenheit (-14 Celsius) on Tuesday. 

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New England
   12-4-0, 1st AFC East
Seattle
  12-4-0, 1st NFC West

Wednesday, December 31, 2014

GeoBee Fact File - January, 2015


Use this section to post NEW facts as you learn them.  These facts should be in a statement or in Q/A format.  Ensure that all posts are precise, accurate and are properly worded.
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Country flags by continent (from  mapsoftheworld.com)


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Map of popular cuisines by state...



http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/01/14/most-popular-cuisine-state_n_6457252.html


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Ball's Pyramid (From Atlas Obscura)




CONTRIBUTOR: Dylan (Admin)

The remnants of a massive volcano, Ball's Pyramid juts 1,843 feet out of the Pacific Ocean. Discovered in 1788, the barren, rocky spire was thought to be devoid of life until 2001 when a group of scientists discovered what may be the world's rarest insect.
The Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus australis) had not been seen alive in over 70 years. Known as "land lobsters" or "walking sausages," the six-inch long insects were once common on the neighboring Lord Howe Island, but were assumed to have been eaten into extinction by the black rats introduced to the island when a supply ship ran aground on its shores in 1918.
Yet in 2001, the scientists found a colony of the huge Lord Howe Island stick insects living under a single bush, a hundred feet up the otherwise entirely infertile rock. Somehow a few of the wingless insects escaped and managed--by means still unknown--to traverse over 14 miles of open ocean, land on Ball's Pyramid, and survive there. Just 27 of the insects have been found on the rocky spire. They are currently being bred in captivity.

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GeoBee News of the Day - January, 2015

As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format. Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself. Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded.

Also, click on the posted links  and follow the  news all around the world!
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From NPR

India Grows, Canada Disappears: Mapping Countries By Population

Can you find Australia and Canada? The cartogram, made by Reddit user TeaDranks, scales each country's geographic area by its population. (Click through to see the high-resolution map.)
Can you find Australia and Canada? The cartogram, made by Reddit user TeaDranks, scales each country's geographic area by its population. (Click through to see the high-resolution map.)
TeaDranks/via Imgur
World maps distort — it's inherent in their design.
Take a spherical object (the Earth) and try to represent it on a flat plane (paper), and some parts of the sphere are going to get stretched. On most maps, Canada and Russia get puffed up, while countries along the equator get shrunk.
Every now and then, though, you stumble across a map that enlightens.
A look back in time: This cartogram resizes each country by its population in 2005.i

A look back in time: This cartogram resizes each country by its population in 2005.
Paul Breding



That's how we felt when we saw the awesome map made by Reddit user TeaDranks. The map resizes countries based on their population. It's simple: Each square represents 500,000 people.
"Wikipedia was my source," TeaDranks wrote. "I was inspired by this map which is now ten years old. My map's scale is twice as large as the old one's."
The older version of the graphic was made in 2005 by the cartographer Paul Breding. You can buy a copy of that map on Amazon.

But to be more accurate, both maps aren't actually maps, they're cartograms — graphics that scale a region's geographic space according to a particular attribute.
In the case of TeaDranks' cartogram, the attribute is population. A quick look at it, and a few ideas pop out:

    • India has almost caught up with China as being the most populous country in the world.
    • Nigeria quickly has become Africa's population hub, with more than twice as many people as any other country on the continent.
    • Cities like Delhi, India, and Shanghai, China, have more people than some European countries.
    • The U.S. makes up less than 5 percent of the world's population.
    The website Worldmapper has hundreds of cartograms, showing countries sized by everything from the number of books published or tractors working to condom use by men or woman.
    "One neat thing about this one [TeaDranks' cartogram] is that unlike with some cartograms, the basic shapes of the countries are very recognizable," Vox's Matthew Yglesias points out.
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    Proposed Nicaragua Canal



    The Nicaragua Canal (also referred to as the Nicaragua Grand Canal, or the Nicaragua Interoceanic Grand Canal) is a shipping route under construction through Nicaragua to connect the Caribbean Sea (and therefore the Atlantic Ocean) with the Pacific Ocean. Construction of such a shipping route—using the San Juan River as an access route to Lake Nicaragua—was first proposed in the early colonial era.
    The above proposed route leads from port at or near Bluefields in the Caribbean Sea to Morrito, a small town located on the eastern shore of Lake Nicaragua. From Morrito, ships would continue westward across Lake Nicaragua to a port near the town of La Virgen in the Department of Rivas. At that point, ships would enter a manmade canal and navigate 18–24 kilometers across the isthmus of Rivas to reach Brito, a port on the Pacific Ocean in the Department of Rivas.
    Because the steady increase in world shipping may make it an economically viable project, speculation on a new shipping route has continued. In June 2013, Nicaragua's National Assembly approved a bill to grant a 50-year concession to the Hong Kong Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Company (HKND Group) to build the waterway.

    The concession can be extended for another 50 years once the waterway is operational.[8] Construction of the canal, estimated to cost $40 to $50 billion, began in December 2014, with completion due within five years.

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    Where and what time New Year 2015 is celebrated around the World.
    New Year's Time Zones around the World- 24 hour format.
    Please choose TIME MODE:24 hours or 12 hours

    Links with Interactive Time Map below helps you to see the arrival of 
    New Year 2015 in relation to selected worldwide locations- 24 hour format.
    Please choose TIME MODE:24 hours or 12 hours (AM/PM)
    TIME ZONE OFFSET
    as of 12/2014



    http://www.worldtimezone.com/newyear24.html


    01. FIRST to enter New Year 2015
    When it is midnight in Samoa (Apia) or Kiritimati, what time is it in other locations around the world ?
    Click on the location link to find out!
    UTC+14
    For example when Samoa(Apia) (UTC+14) enters the New Year at midnight Dec 31, 2014 (New Year 2015), the local time in New York is 05am (morning) Dec 31, 2014, local time in London is 10am and local time in Sydney is 09pm (21:00) Dec 31, 2014.
    02. SECOND to enter New Year 2015
    UTC+13:45
    03. THIRD to enter New Year 2015
    New Zealand- Wellington, Tokelau, Fiji, Tonga, Antarctica-South Pole, McMurdo, Skott stations; Kiribati- Phoenix Islands;
    UTC+13
    04. Russia- Chukotka, Kamchatka; Nauru, Tuvalu, Marshall Isl., Wallis and Futuna, Kiribati- Tarawa
    UTC+12
    UTC+11:30
    06. Australia- Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra, Hobart; Solomon Isl., New Caledonia, Micronesia- Pohnpei, Vanuatu; Bougainville  (Papua New Guinea) ; Russia- Srednekolymsk  ;
    UTC+11
    UTC+10:30
    08. Russia- Vladivostok , Khabarovsk, Magadan, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Yuzhno-Kurilsk, Birobidzhan, Komsomolsk-na-Amure ; Guam; Australia- Brisbane; Papua New Guinea, Northern Mariana Isl.
    UTC+10
    UTC+09:30
    10. Japan- Tokyo, South Korea, North Korea; Russia- Yakutsk, Blagoveschensk, Mirnyi, Tiksi ; Palau, Indonesia- Jayapura, Ambon; East Timor, more ...
    UTC+09
    UTC+08:45
    12. China- Beijing, Shanghai, Macau, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia-Bali, Mongolia, Brunei Darussalam, Russia-Irkutsk , Chita, Bratsk, Ulan-Ude ; Australia- Perth, more ...
    UTC+08
    13. Thailand- Bangkok, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia- Java, Sumatra; Australia- Christmas Isl., Russia-Krasnoyarsk , Kemerovo, Abakan, Kyzyl ;
    UTC+07
    14. Myanmar (Burma)- Yangon, Cocos Island (Keeling Islands - Australia)
    UTC+06:30
    15. Russia- Novosibirsk , Omsk, Tomsk, Barnaul ; Bangladesh- Dhaka; Bhutan; British Indian Ocean Territory- Chagos- Diego Garcia, Kazakhstan- Almaty, Astana, Kyrgystan
    UTC+06
    UTC+05:45
    17. India- New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata; Sri Lanka
    UTC+05:30
    18. Russia- Yekaterinburg , Chelyabinsk, Perm, Ufa, Kurgan, Orengurg, Tyumen ; Pakistan- Islamabad, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan-Aqtau, Aqtobe, Maldives, Kerguelen Isl.(Fr.)
    UTC+05
    UTC+04:30
    20. United Arab Emirates- Dubai; Russia- Samara, Izhevsk; Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Seychelles, Reunion- France, Oman, Mauritius
    UTC+04
    21. Iran- Tehran, Isfahan
    UTC+03:30
    22. Russia- Moscow , St.Petersburg, Novgorod, Volgograd, Sevastopol ; Iraq- Baghdad; Belarus- Minsk ; Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Yemen, Qatar, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Comoros, Uganda, more ...
    UTC+03
    23. Ukraine- Kiev; Russia- Kaliningrad ; Jordan, Greece, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Israel, Gaza Strip, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Turkey, Libya, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Rwanda, Namibia, Mozambique more ...
    UTC+02
    24. France-Paris, Germany, Serbia, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Malta, Monaco, Sweden, Switzerland, Gibraltar, Czech Republic, Denmark, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Belgium, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Croatia, Hungary, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tunisia, Vatican City, more ...
    UTC+01
    25. United Kingdom-London, Portugal, Ireland, Iceland, Canary Isl., Morocco, Cote d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Saint Helena, Western Sahara, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, more ...
    UTC
    26. Cape Verde- Praia, Azores (Port.), Greenland- Ittoqqortoormiit
    UTC-01
    27. Brazil- Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazilia; Fernando de Noronha; Uruguay, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    UTC-02
    28. Chile-Santiago, Argentina- Buenos Aires, Ushuaia; Brazil- Recife; Salvador-Brazil; Paraguay, Suriname, French Guiana, Greenland- Nuuk, U.K.- Falkland Isl.
    UTC-03
    UTC-03:30
    30. Canada - Nova Scotia (Halifax), New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island; Barbados, Bermuda (U.K.), Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Trinidad and Tobago, Puerto Rico, Manaus- Brazil, Bolivia, more ...
    UTC-04

    UTC-04:30
    32. USA- New York, Washington D.C., Miami, Boston, Atlanta, Detroit, Indianapolis, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Virginia Beach; Canada- Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Quebec; Cuba-Havana, Peru; Acre-Brazil ; Colombia, Bahamas, Jamaica, Ecuador, Panama, more ...
    UTC-05
    33. USA- Chicago, New Orleans, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Oklahoma City, Houston, Dallas, Milwaukee; Canada- Winnipeg, Regina; Mexico- Mexico City, Acapulco, Veracruz; Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Belize, Costa Rica, more ...
    UTC-06
    34. USA- Denver, Albuquerque, El Paso, Salt Lake City, Santa Fe, Phoenix, Tucson; Canada- Calgary, Edmonton, Aklavik, Yellowknife; Mexico- Chihuahua, Mazatlan, more ...
    UTC-07
    35. USA- Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Seattle, San Jose, Las Vegas, Portland-OR; Canada- Vancouver, Whitehorse; Mexico- Tijuana, Mexicali; U.K. - Pitcairn
    UTC-08
    36. USA- Anchorage, Fairbanks, Nome, Unalaska, Juneau; French Polynesia- Gambier Islands
    UTC-09
    UTC-09:30
    38. USA- Hawaii (Honolulu), Adak-Aleutian Isl.; Cook Islands (Rarotonga), French Polynesia-Tahiti (Papeete)
    UTC-10
    39. LAST to enter New Year 2015
    American Samoa- Pago Pago, Niue (Alofi), Midway Islands, Jarvis Isl., Kingman Reef, Palmyra Atoll
    UTC-11

    Monday, December 1, 2014

    GeoBee Fact File - December, 2014

    Use this section to post NEW facts as you learn them.  These facts should be in a statement or in Q/A format.  Ensure that all posts are precise, accurate and are properly worded.
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    GeoBee News of the Day - December, 2014

    As you follow important events around the world, make a note of them from the competition perspective and post the facts here in a statement or in a Q&A format. Emphasize the geographical aspects of the place more than the main news/event itself.
    Make sure that the posts are accurate, complete and are properly worded.
    Also, click on the links below and follow the  news all around the world!
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    Typhoon Hagupit makes landfall in eastern Samar near city of Dolores, CNN meteorologist reports



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    2014 Nobel Week Begins
    This year's Nobel Week begins with a press conference for media in the Nobel Museum in Stockholm. On this day, the Nobel Laureates arrive in Stockholm for an eventful week, including meetings, dinners and lectures, all ending up with the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony and Banquet.

    For full details, go to http://www.nobelprize.org/index.html

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    (From Yahoo Finance)
    It’s official: America is now No. 2
     By Brett Arends
    7 hours ago



















    A Chinese national flag flutters in front of the headquarters of the People's Bank of China, 
    China's central bank, in central Beijing, May 16, 2014. 

    Hang on to your hats, America.

    And throw away that big, fat styrofoam finger while you’re about it.
    There’s no easy way to say this, so I’ll just say it: We’re no longer No. 1. Today, we’re No. 2. Yes, it’s official. The Chinese economy just overtook the United States economy to become the largest in the world. For the first time since Ulysses S. Grant was president, America is not the leading economic power on the planet.
    It just happened — and almost nobody noticed.
    The International Monetary Fund recently released the latest numbers for the world economy. And when you measure national economic output in “real” terms of goods and services, China will this year produce $17.6 trillion — compared with $17.4 trillion for the U.S.A.
    As recently as 2000, we produced nearly three times as much as the Chinese.
    To put the numbers slightly differently, China now accounts for 16.5% of the global economy when measured in real purchasing-power terms, compared with 16.3% for the U.S.
    This latest economic earthquake follows the development last year when China surpassed the U.S. for the first time in terms of global trade.
    I first reported on this looming development over two years ago, but the moment came sooner than I or anyone else had predicted. China’s recent decision to bring gross domestic product calculations in line with international standards has revealed activity that had previously gone uncounted.
    These calculations are based on a well-established and widely used economic measure known as purchasing-power parity (or PPP), which measures the actual output as opposed to fluctuations in exchange rates. So a Starbucks venti Frappucino served in Beijing counts the same as a venti Frappucino served in Minneapolis, regardless of what happens to be going on among foreign-exchange traders.
    PPP is the real way of comparing economies. It is one reported by the IMF and was, for example, the one used by McKinsey & Co. consultants back in the 1990s when they undertook a study of economic productivity on behalf of the British government.